Candida albicans is a single-celled fungus (a species of yeast) found as part of the normal microflora in the human digestive tract. This yeast is normally found in small amounts in the human body and is keeping in check by the bacteria and other microorganisms that make up our microbiome. Its overgrowth in the gastrointestinal tract can cause a yeast infection known as candidiasis.

Candidiasis affects both men and women, but women are eight times more likely to experience candidiasis due to the use of birth control pills or if they are pregnant.

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