Periodontal disease

Periodontal disease

 

Teeth are supported by the gums and bone. Our mouths are full of bacteria. These bacteria, along with mucus and other particles, constantly form a sticky, colorless “plaque” on teeth. Brushing and flossing help get rid of plaque.

Periodontal means “located around a tooth”. Periodontal disease is a chronic infection of the gums, bone, and other tissues that surround and support the teeth. The infection begins when the body's immune system is overwhelmed.

Periodontal diseases are often classified according to their severity. They range from mild gingivitis, to more severe periodontitis.

 

Gingivitis

It is the early stage of periodontal disease. Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums surrounding the teeth. It onsets when plaque adheres to the teeth. The accumulation of plaque causes the gums to infection. They become red, soft, swollen and they bleed easily. Chronic gingivitis leads to receding gums and can cause permanent damage to teeth. Gingivitis can usually be reversed with daily brushing and flossing, and regular cleaning by a dentist.

 

Periodontitis

If gingivitis left untreated it can lead to periodontitis. In periodontitis, gums pull away from the teeth leaving deep spaces (known as “pockets”) where bacterial toxins and enzymes hide and cause further damage such as the destruction of the bones, the gums, and the connective tissue that support the teeth. In time the teeth loosen and fall out.

Periodontitis is often related to a deficiency of vitamins C, calcium, bioflavonoids.

People usually don’t show signs of periodontal disease until they are in the age of 30 or 40 years. Men are more likely to have those diseases than women. Some times teenagers onset gingivitis.

 

Causes

  • Genetic factors
  • Aids
  • Infrequent dental care
  • Insufficient calcium intake
  • Smoking
  • Anaemia
  • Aging
  • Leukemia
  • Vitamin deficiency
  • Diabetes worsens periodontal disease.
  • Sjögren's syndrome causes decreased saliva production that can lead to periodontal disease.
  • Pregnancy
  • Birth control pills
  • Steroids, antiseizure and cancer medicines. 

 

Symptoms include:

  • Gums that bleed when you brush or floss
  • Receding gums or longer appearing teeth
  • Swollen, tender and intense red gums
  • A change in the fit of partial dentures
  • Constant bad breathe
  • Dry mouth
  • Painful chewing
  • Loose teeth
  • Sensitive teeth

 

Recommendations

  • Eat blueberries, cherries, blackberries, raspberries and strawberries.
  • A diet rich in fiber.
  • Avoid sugar and all refined carbohydrates.
  • Eat a varied diet of fresh fruits, green leafy vegetables, and meat.
  • Take coenzyme Q10 daily
  • Massage the gums with your finger.
  • Don’ t smoke
  • Brush your teeth twice a day (with a fluoride toothpaste).
  • Use a new toothbrush every month
  • Take vitamin A, B-complex, C and E
  • Take zinc and selenium
  • Avoid antibiotics
  • See a dentist every six months
  • Floss the teeth once a day at least.

 

 

Beneficial Herbs

 

Herb

Form

Benefits

Aloe Vera

Gel

Soothes inflammation

Bloodroot

Toothpaste containing the extract sanguinarine      

Prevents dental plaque formation

Calendula

Tea

Soothes and help to heal gum tissues

Chamomile

Tea

Soothes and help to heal gum tissues

Clove

Oil

Stops gum pain. Antibacterial

Echinacea

Herb

Keeps down inflammation and enhances immune function

Goldenseal                   

Mouthwash

Antibacterial. Stops bleeding

Gotu kola

Extract

Helpful in speeding recovery after laser surgery

Grape seed

Extract

Anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant

Green tea

Extract

Antibacterial

Pine bark

Extract

Reduces inflammation

Sage

Tea

Anti-inflammatory

Scutellaria

Capsules

Reverses gingivitis

Tea tree

Oil

Helps prevent and treat periodontal disease

Thyme

Oil

Antiseptic

Turmeric

Tincture

Halts action of a gene that creates gum-irritating chemicals

Witch hazel

Tincture

Anti-inflammatory