MENOPAUSE

MENOPAUSE

Menopause is the cessation of menstruation in women. In other words, menopause is the point in a woman's life at which the formation of the ovaries ceases and she can no longer become pregnant. 

Menopause appears between the ages of 45 and 55 years but sometimes it can occur earlier around 40 years. Most women reach menopause at the age of 51. After twelve months of menstrual period’s absence we can say that a woman has a menopause.

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The time before menopause is referred to as perimenopause, and the time after menopause is referred to as postmenopause.

Perimenopause is often accompanied by irregularities in the menstrual cycle. It may begin up to 10 years before the last menstrual period and can onset the typical symptoms of early menopause.

Menopause is not a disease; it is a natural situation in every woman’s life.

 

Causes

The ovaries produce eggs and hormones. These are estrogen, progesterone and testosterone. Estrogen is responsible for the reproduction. With age the ovaries reduce the production of estrogen and the menstrual cycle starts to shorten (climacteric period). The period becomes irregular following by changes in the female reproductive system (such as the shrink of vagina and fallopian tubes, the decrease of vaginal lubrication).

Estrogen is also a hormone responsible to the deposition of calcium in the bones. Its deficiency may cause a condition named osteoporosis.

 

Symptoms

Hot flashes

Vaginal itching

Insomnia

Spontaneous sweating

Loss of concentration

Headaches

Cold hands and feet

Fatigue

Heart palpitations

Weight gain

Joint pain

Hair loss

Depression

Reduced stamina

Nervousness

Urinary urgency

 

Recommendations

Primrose oil helps in case of vaginal irritation.

Eat raw foods and cold-water fish

Eat a diet rich in phytoestrogens (alfalfa, apples, celery, fennel and soybeans)

Avoid stress

Don’t’ smoke

An estrogen cream topically can restore the dryness of vaginal area.

Drink a lot of water.

 

 

Beneficial Herbs

Herb

Form

Benefits

Aloe

Gel

Against vaginal dryness

Amaranth

Tablets

Prevents osteoporosis

Black cohosh

Tablets

Analgesic, estrogen promoter, against vaginal dryness

Blue cohosh

Tablets, capsules

Relieves hot flashes

Calendula

Cream

Against vaginal itching

Chickweed

Tablets

Prevents osteoporosis

Damiana

Tincture

Reduces hot flashes, enhances sexual desire

Dandelion greens

Tablets

Prevents osteoporosis

Dong quai extract

Tablets

Protects the heart, increases circulation

Fenne

Tablets

Estrogen promoter

Ginseng

Tincture

Stops hot flashes, insomnia, increases ovarian estrogen production in early menopause

Gotu kola

Tablets

Relieves hot flashes and vaginal dryness

Red clover

Capsules

Relieves abdominal pain, hot flashes, depression.

Sage

Tablets

Estrogen promoter

Sarsaparilla

Fluidextract

Restores libido in women

Saw palmetto

Capsules

Counteracts effects of excessive testosterone

Siberian ginseng

Tablets

Helps estrogen production and relieves depression

St. John’s wort

Tablets

Against anxiety and depression

Stinging nettle leaf

Capsules

Relieves blurred vision.

Valerian

Tablets

Relieves insomnia

Vitex

Tablets

Stops hot flashes, dizziness and depression