Burn injuries

Burn injuries

 

Burns are among the most common traumatic skin injuries, especially in children. The skin is the largest organ of the human body. It plays, among other things, an important role in the fluid and temperature regulation of the body; and it also acts as a first body’s defence against bacteria and viruses.

Burn is a break in the skin in which many of the affected cells die. As larger is the injured area, so lesser is the skin ability to maintain the control of the stated reasons.

The amount of damage that a burn can cause depends upon its location, its depth, and how much of the body surface area involves.

There are three basic classifications of skin burns based upon their depth.

First degree burns affect only the outer layer and causes local inflammation (which means redness and mild swelling) and sensitivity to the touch. Sunburns often are categorized as first degree burns.

Second degree burns are deeper and are characterized by redness, white or splotchy skin, blisters, selling and acute pain. If the burned area is larger than 7,62 centimeters you must get medical help immediately.

Third degree burns are the most serious and are deeper than second degree; injure all the skin layers and the underlying fat. Third degree burns may appear red, or white or yellowish, or leathery and black. Skin tends to be relatively painless. The man can experience difficulty in breath, or in carbon monoxide poison. The damage can even reach the nerves, the blood vessels or the organs and may lead to death

Only the first degree burn has the ability to regenerate the affected area which is the epidermis. Second and third degree burns which extend deeper may cause permanent injury and they don’t allow the skin to return to normal function.

 

Causes

Scalding from hot, boiling liquids

Excessive sun exposure

Electrical burns

Chemical burns

Fires

 

Recommendations

  • Call emergency medical help for major burns
  • Soak the wound in cool water or cold clay poultices for ten to fifty minutes but don't immerse large severe burns in cold water.
  • Apply aloe vera gel or cream to soothe the pain.
  • Use a cool, moist, bandage or a clean cloth to the wound
  • Remove rings or other tight items from the affected area and the neck. Burned areas swell rapidly.
  • Don't break small blisters
  • Make sure that your tetanus booster is up to date.
  • Add to your nuscreen vitamins A, C and E.
  • Keep children out of the kitchen while cooking.
  • Eat food high in protein and raw fruits and vegetables. You can supply vitamins and minerals deficiency.
  • Place a fire extinguisher near the kitchen.
  • Measure bath water temperature before use.
  • Use glutamine. It can hasten recovery
  • Keep matches and lighters locked up form children.
  • Check and discard electrical cords with exposed wires.
  • Drink plenty of water or juices to prevent dehydration when you are in the sun..
  • Keep chemicals out of reach, and wear gloves during chemical use.
  • Wear sunscreen every day, and avoid peak sunlight.
  • Avoid sun exposure till the burn is completely healed.

 

 

Beneficial Herbs

 For burns

Herb

Form

Benefits

Aloe vera

Gel, pulp, liquid

Relieves pain, speeds healing

Bayberry

Tea, compress

First-degree burns which to begin to heal

Black tea

Tea, compress

First-degree burns which to begin to heal

Blackberry leaves

Tea, compress                 

First-degree burns which to begin to heal

Calendula

Gel, ointment

Antiseptic, anti-inflammatory,

Comfrey leaf and wheat germ oil

Compress

Soothes the pain

Fresh ginger

Juice

Compress

Goldenseal

Pill, extract, poultice             

 

Green tea

Tea, compress

First-degree burns which to begin to heal

Sumac leaves

Tea, compress

First-degree burns which to begin to heal

Sweet gum

Tea, compress

First-degree burns which to begin to heal

Teatree

oil

It is good for minor burns. It is antiseptic and soothes the skin

White oak bark

Tea, compress

First-degree burns which to begin to heal

 

For Sunburns

Herb

Form

Benefits

Aloe vera

Gel

Relieves pain, speeds healing, moisturizes the skin

Calendula and St John’s Wort     

Salve

Antiseptic; promotes healing

Chamomile

Oil (some drops in the bath)    

Minimizes the pain

Comfrey

Poultice

Regenerates damaged cells

Gotu kola

Compress

Rejuvenates skin tissue by stimulating collagen synthesis

Lavender

Oil (some drops in the bath)    

Minimizes the pain

Tea tree

Oil

Healer